Academic research and development are proceeding at a rapid pace. New knowledge, novel findings and breakthrough are generated in different fields such as in business, management, marketing, finance, sciences, technology, engineering, languages and liberal arts, in a matter of seconds. Therefore, it is important to create a platform for experts from different fields to share their knowledge, views, innovation and new discovery. As multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary research are more and more important to solve the challenges of future, INTI Journal serves to be a converging points for experts from different fields to publish their works. To maximize the readership, we are trying our best to keep the journal as an open access multi-disciplinary journal.

INTI Journal published the first hard copy issue in 2002. INTI Journal evolved into full online Open Access journal in 2016. Starting 2023, INTI Journal is granting Public Permission to use the content of the papers published (including papers published prior to 2023) under Creative Common License CC-BY-4.0. Currently, our journal is indexed by several academic journal indexers. Journal’s online e-print repository (all papers in full text) is managed by Tan Sri Abdul Majid Library, INTI International University, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.

I sincerely hope that this journal will induce the sparks of creativity and innovation in research, at the same time contribute to the improvement of our academic and administrative services. On behalf of our editorial team, I welcome researchers, academicians, lecturers and administrators at all levels to contribute and publish your works in INTI Journal. We Will review all manuscript submitted according to the highest publication standards.

We would like to take this opportunity to invite experts around the world to join our Technical Board. Please feel free to contact our Editor-in-Chief.

Professor Dr. Wong Ling Shing









INTI Journal provides an online OPEN ACCESS platform for the publication of research outputs and new knowledge from different disciplines. The journal accepts submissions from business and management, life and health sciences, engineering and technology, information technology and computer science, as well as liberal art and education.


All submission to INTI Journal will be carefully reviewed by editors and reviewers. The papers that meet the requirements and standards will be published online. INTI Journal produces one volume annually and accepts rolling submissions from authors.


INTI Journal is managed by INTI International University, Malaysia. The repository of papers available online is managed by Tan Sri Abdul Majid Library, Malaysia.






INTI Journal strives to provide an OPEN ACCESS platform for experts from all over the world to share their new knowledge, novel findings, and exciting innovation from different disciplines.







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email: editor.ijournal@newinti.edu.my












INTI JOURNAL, INTI International University, Persiaran Perdana BBN, Putra Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.

Telephone: +606-7982000 | Email: editor.ijournal@newinti.edu.my

Copyright ©2023 INTI International University





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